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John Burton, M.D.

Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine

M.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


Dr. Burton received his medical degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill after having received his undergraduate degree in Chemistry at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Prior to accepting his appointment as the Chair for the Department of Emergency Medicine at the Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Dr. Burton’s appointments and service included: a three year residency in Emergency Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh, eleven years as the Director of Research in the Department of Emergency Medicine at Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, four years as the Medical Director for the State of Maine, Maine Emergency Medical Services, four years as Residency Program Director in the Department of Emergency Medicine at Albany Medical College, two  years as Vice Chairman for Academic Affairs in the Department of Emergency Medicine at Albany Medical College, and six months as Interim Chairman for the Department of Emergency Medicine at Albany Medical College. Dr. Burton’s prior academic appointments have included Professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of Vermont, and Professor of Emergency Medicine at Albany Medical College. Dr. Burton’s research interests have included a number of topics relevant to the clinical practice of Emergency Medicine, including approximately eighteen years committed to research in the area of procedural sedation for emergency department patients.

Research

Research Interests

  • Procedural Sedation
  • Analgesia
  • Emergency Medical Services

 

Current Research

  • Propofol and Capnography during Emergency Department procedural sedation encounters

Publications

Publications

  • Miner JR, Burton JH: Clinical Practice Advisory: Emergency Department Procedural Sedation with Propofol. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2007;50:182-187.
  • Green SM, Roback MG, Miner JR, Burton JH, Krauss B: Fasting and Emergency Department Procedural Sedation and Analgesia: A Consensus-Based Clinical Practice Advisory. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2007;49:454-461.
  • Burton JH, Harrah JD, Germann CA, Dillon DC. Does End-Tidal Carbon Dioxide Monitoring Detect Respiratory Events Prior to Current Sedation Monitoring Practices? Academic Emergency Medicine, 2006; 13:500-504.
  • Burton JH, Miner JR, Shipley ER, Strout TD, Becker C, Thode HC. Propofol for Emergency Department Procedural Sedation and Analgesia: A Tale of Three                Centers. Academic Emergency Medicine, 2006; 13:24-30.
  • Burton JH, Dunn MG, Harmon NR, Hermanson TA, Bradshaw JR. A Statewide, Prehospital Emergency Medical Service Selective Patient Spine Immobilization Protocol. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 2006;61:161-166.
  • Burton JH, Dunn MG, Harmon NR, Bradshaw JR. EMS Provider Findings and Interventions with a Statewide EMS Spine Assessment Protocol. Prehospital Emergency Care, 2005; 9:303-309.
  • Burton JH, Vinson DR, Drummond K, Thode HC, Strout TD, McInturff JJ. Electrical Cardioversion of Emergency Department Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2004; 44:20-30.
  • Marcolini EG, Burton JH, Baumann MR, Bradshaw JR: A Standing-Order Protocol for Cricothyrotomy in Prehospital Emergency Patients. Prehospital Emergency Care, 2004; 8: 23-28.
  • Strout TD, Burton JH. Clinically significant change in physician-assigned numeric pain rating scale scores. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2004; 22:243-245.
  • Burton JH, Baumann MR, Maoz T, Bradshaw JR, Lebrun JE. Endotracheal Intubation in a Rural EMS State: Utilization and Impact of Skills Maintenance Guidelines. Prehospital Emergency Care, 2003; 7:352-356.
  • Burton JH, Bock AJ, Strout TD, Marcolini EG. Etomidate and midazolam for procedural sedation during reduction of anterior shoulder dislocation: a randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2002; 40: 496-504.
  • Bowe CT, Burton JH, Chandler RC, Davidson RM. The Effect of Arm Traction on the Adequacy of Lateral Cervical Spine Radiographs. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 2003; 55: 800-801.
  • Jemmett ME, Kendall KM, Fourre MW, Burton JH. Rate of Unrecognized Misplacement of Endotracheal Tubes by EMS Personnel in a Mixed Urban to Rural Setting. Academic Emergency Medicine, 2003; 10:938-942.
  • Higgins GL, Burton JH, Carter P, Floor AE. Comparison of extraction devices for the removal of supraglottic foreign bodies. Prehospital Emergency Care, 2003; 7:316-321.
  • VanKeulen SG, Burton JH. Myoclonus Associated with Etomidate for Emergency Department Procedural Sedation and Analgesia. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2003; 21:556-558.
  • Fox TR, Burton JH, Higgins GH, Strout TD, Bachman DT. Time to body surface map acquisition compared to standard emergency department 12-lead and right-side EKG. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2003; March 2003;21:164-165.
  • Pazdral TE, Burton JH, Bradshaw JR. Amiodarone and rural EMS cardiac arrest patients: A cost analysis. Prehospital Emergency Care, 2002; 6:291-295.
  • Davidson RM, Burton JH, Snowise M, Owens WB. The effect of football protective gear upon cervical radiographic imaging. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2001; 38:1-5.
  • Schenarts CL, Burton JH, Riker RR: Adrenocortical dysfunction following etomidate induction in emergency department patients. Academic Emergency Medicine, 2001; 8(1):1-7.
  • Burton JH, Auble TE, Fuchs SM: Effectiveness of 50% Nitrous Oxide During Laceration Repair in Young Pediatric Patients. Academic Emergency Medicine, 1998; 5(2):112-117.
  • Burton JH, Mass ME, Menegazzi JJ, Yealy DM: Aminophylline as an Adjunct to Standard Advanced Cardiac Life Support in Prolonged Cardiac Arrest. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 1997; 30:154-158.

Honors and Awards

  • 1995       Peter Safar Award for Excellence in Graduate Research, University of Pittsburgh Affiliated Residency in Emergency Medicine
  • 1998       George L. Higgins, III Award Annual Teaching Excellence in Emergency Medicine, Selected by Maine Medical Center Emergency Medicine Residents, Maine Medical Center
  • 2006  Maine ACEP President’s Award, Maine Chapter, American College of Emergency Physicians
  • 2009  Teacher of the Year Award, Selected by Albany Medical Center Emergency Medicine Residents, Albany Medical Center
    John Burton

  • Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine
    2 Riverside Circle
    Roanoke, VA 24016